Immune System Drugs
What is passive immunisation?
- Giving preformed antibodies to a recipient.
- Source may be human, animal
What is passive immunisation useful for?
- Prevention of disease when time does not allow immunisation
- Treatment of disease normally prevented by immunisation
- For patients unable to form antibodies
- For treatment of conditions for which active immunisation is unavailable or not possible eg snakebite
- 2 uses
What passive immunisations might we consider in ED?
- Botulism. measles, rubella, vaccinia, varicella
- Hep B, Hep A
- Diphtheria, rabies.
- Antivenoms – spiders, snakes;
- Rhesus incompatibility
- PLUS 1 other